ears ago the sports massage was considered as part of the care that professional athletes received. This concept has changed and has spread to the entire public, regardless of their intensity of exercise. And it is that sports massage gives us multiple benefits: it improves blood and lymphatic circulation, relieves muscle spasms, decomposes adhesions and scar tissue from previous injuries, and accelerates the recovery caused by muscle fatigue, among many other benefits.
According to Eustaquio Ramírez, “massage is one of the first forms of manual physical therapy and is known to have been used by very different cultures more than 3000 years ago. But it is only in the more recent past that many forms of massage have developed, among them, sports massage. ”
The sports massage is aimed at “athletes of all kinds, from professional athletes to weekend athletes. The physiotherapist who performs this technique has specific objectives in mind, focusing on the individual needs of each athlete according to the physical activity that he / she performs. Therefore, it is especially important to have a thorough knowledge of biomechanics, anatomy, and physiology, in particular the musculoskeletal system. ”
The physiotherapist says that “with the increasing number of people practicing sports, together with increased competitiveness and intensity of physical exercise, the demand for sports massage is also increasing, and increasingly, is recognized as a skill that Can help recovery and improve sports performance. ”
The specialist emphasizes the following benefits of “sports massage:
• Improves blood and lymphatic circulation and, therefore, nutrition and oxygen availability to muscles, necessary for efficient functioning. It facilitates the elimination of toxins, residues, and other metabolic by-products harmful to the musculoskeletal system (as well as to repair damaged tissues).
• Relieves muscle spasms by restoring their basal elasticity, improving muscle absorption capacity and proper slip between muscle fibers and the fascial system (membrane of connective tissue that lines muscle fibers) by improving myofascial dissociated movement.
• It decomposes adhesions and scar tissue from previous injuries.
• Accelerates recovery caused by muscle fatigue.
• Stimulates the release of endorphins in the central nervous system, so that the effects reach other areas of the body providing pain relief.
• Facilitates relaxation and relieves stress, important for a good recovery.
• Helps prevent injuries by detecting muscle imbalances that are often not diagnosed until they are severe enough to cause discomfort in the athlete or a worsening in performance.